Bodyfluids and exercise: physiological responses (part I)
Brief content of the article:
The first of three review article deals with the physiological responses of body fluids. The first part provides a physiological basis for understanding body fluids and typical changes during excercise, with emphasis on water and electrolytes. The article describes the volume and distribution of body water, and typical changes during exercise, with emphasis on water and electrolytes. The article contains the following (sub)paragraphs: introduction, body fluids and electrolytes, water compartments, water properties, dissociation and hydrogen ions, electrolytes and acid base status, neuromuscular excitability, osmosis and water shifts, water volume regulation and water throughput.
Keywords: bodyfluids; electrolytes; replacement strategies; potassium; sodium, chloride; exercise; sweat;oxygen; endurance; expiration; water; cation anion balance; neuromuscular excitebility; osmosis; energy.
Kronfeld, D.S., Bodyfluids and exercise: physiological responses (part I), Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, Volume 21, Number 7, 2001.
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