Influence of temperature stress on the energy and protein metabolism and requirements of the working horse
Brief content of the article
The author reviews the influence of temperature stress on the energy and protein metabolism and requirements of the working horse. Horses, which have not been acclimatized to high temperatures, may experience an increased body core temperature, sweating, and metabolic rate and alter the rate at which glucose and fat are metabolized. These effects seem temporary, as these effects are almost disappeared after 2-3 weeks of acclimatization. The author further wrote that high temperatures result in a reduced feed intake. The author suggests keeping the forage intake to a minimum and maximizing the energy density of the concentrate under these circumstances. The author wrote that fat can be used to increase the energy density of the feed and reduces the heat load on the animal. Protein intake should be fed to requirement and high levels should be prevented as this may also adversely influence body heat production.
Keywords: Heat stress; Cold stress; energy; climate; humidity.
Ott, E.A. Influence of temperature stress on the energy and protein metabolism and requirements of the working horse. Livestock production science 92: 123-130.